new species

Top Five New Species

Scientists from all over the world discover new species every year. From spiders to vipers, they always allow humans to learn more about the animal kingdom. About 15,000 species are discovered each year. Some have new escape tactics, some form new courtship rituals, and some are just plain wacky. Here are my top five favorites.

Cartwheeling Spider (Cebrennus rechenbergi)

cartwheeling spider
Source: ESF

This desert arachnid is able to flip backwards and forwards in order to move. Cartwheeling for the spider and using gravity to its advantage allows the spider to move 6.5 feet per second. Males range from 13.8-19 millimeters, and females from 19-19.5 mm. The spider has been seen cartwheeling away from danger and towards the danger. However, the spider will only use cartwheeling as a last resort. It was discovered in 2014.

 

Bone House Wasp (Euteragenia ossarium)

Source: ESF
Source: ESF

The Bone House Wasp was found in China in 2014. Unlike other wasps, it has a unique way of building its nest. First, it finds a hollow stem that has sections/cells. Then, it lays its eggs in each cell, placing a spider with them. On the top of the stem, dead ants are stuffed together. The chemicals and stench that is released by the ants deters enemies and predators.

 

White Spotted Pufferfish (Torquigener albomaculosus)

Source: CBC
Source: CBC

This fish uses the seafloor to make spawning nests by creating indents in the sand. This process forms a six foot diameter area, which scientists believe helps minimize the water currents within the circle. This protects the eggs that are laid. A male is 88 mm and a female is 109 mm. The fish was discovered in 2014 off the coast of the Amami-Oshima Island.

 

Ruby-eyed pit viper (Cryptelytrops rubeus)

Source: National Geographic
Source: National Geographic

The ruby-eyed pit viper was discovered in Southeast Asia around 1999. It lives in forests and is known for its piercing red eyes. Because of its vibrant green skin, it blends in perfectly with its surroundings in the forest.

 

Yin Yang Frog (Leptobrachium leucops)

yin yang frog
Source: WWF

The Yin Yan Frog is named because of its black and white eyes. They are 1.5 inches and live in the wet evergreen cloud forests of Southern Vietnam. This nocturnal frog is part of the Megophryidae family. It was discovered around 1999.

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